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  • 世界計量日–2020年5月20日

    測量支撐全球貿易

  • 发布时间:2020-04-07 15:05     信息来源:计量司

   

  5月20日爲世界計量日,是1875年簽署《米制公約》的周年紀念日。《米制公約》爲建立全球協調一致的計量體系奠定了基礎,爲科學發現與創新、工業制造、國際貿易,乃至生活質量提升和全球環境保護提供支撐。

  2020年世界计量日的主题是“測量支撐全球貿易”。该主题旨在提高人们对测量的认识,了解测量在促进全球公平贸易、确保产品合标合规,以及满足顾客质量期望中所起到的重要作用。

  縱觀全球,各國國家計量院致力于通過開發和驗證各種複雜尖端的新測量技術,持續推動測量科學進步。同時,積極參加國際計量局(BIPM)組織協調的測量領域國際比對,以確保測量結果全球可靠。

  国际法制計量组织(OIML)制定“国际建议”,旨在实现多领域相关要求的全球一致性和协调性,并通过实施国际法制計量组织证书互认制度(OIML-CS),促进法制管理的计量器具的国际互认和全球贸易。

  這些國際計量體系爲測量的准確性提供了必要的保證和信心,爲當今的全球貿易奠定了堅實基礎,並幫助我們爲應對未來挑戰做好准備。

  世界計量日代表所有人肯定和頌揚所有工作在政府間組織和各國家機構中的人們一年來爲計量所做的貢獻。

  關于“世界計量日”

  世界計量日是一個年度性的活動,全球80多個國家在此期間慶祝計量對我們日常生活的影響。

  1875年5月20日《米制公约》的签署,标志着全球计量领域合作的正式开启。这一天也因此被定为世界计量日,以表纪念。每年,国际计量局(BIPM)和国际法制計量组织(OIML)联合举办世界计量日活动,各国国家计量机构参与。

  國際計量界致力于確保全球測量結果的准確性,在每個世界計量日都以海報和網站的宣傳形式提高大衆對計量的認識。以往世界計量日的主題包括:計量與全球能源挑戰,計量與安全,計量與創新,以及動態世界中的計量,環境、醫學、貿易中的測量等。

  關于國際計量局

  1875年《米制公約》的簽署,正式開啓了計量的國際合作,並創建了國際計量局(BIPM),爲建立全方位的全球統一的測量奠定基礎。曆史上,測量重點關注和支持工業和貿易發展,現在,它與應對氣候變化、健康和能源等21世紀重大挑戰一樣至關重要。BIPM選取某些特定物理量和化學量開展最高水平的科學工作,同時它也是一個由各國國家計量院(NMIs)聯結而成的全球計量網絡的樞紐。通過這一網絡,BIPM在世界範圍內建立起溯源到SI的溯源鏈,並向各國認可實驗室和工業界傳遞。

  关于国际法制計量组织

  1955年,国际法制計量组织(OIML)成立。作为一个政府间组织,它致力于促进法制計量规则的全球统一,其秘书处和总部是国际法制計量局(BIML)。自成立以来,OIML建立了一个全球性的技术架构,目的在于协调各国国家计量部门或相关组织采用的计量法规和计量管理的一致性。

 

  May 20 is World Metrology Day, commemorating the anniversary of the signing of the Metre Convention in 1875. This treaty provides the basis for a worldwide coherent measurement system that underpins scientific discovery and innovation, industrial manufacturing and international trade, as well as the improvement of the quality of life and the protection of the global environment.

  The theme for World Metrology Day 2020 is Measurements for global trade. This theme was chosen to create awareness of the important role measurement plays in facilitating fair global trade, ensuring products meet standards and regulations, and satisfying customer quality expectations.

  Across the world, national metrology institutes continually advance measurement science by developing and validating new measurement techniques at the necessary level of sophistication. The national metrology institutes participate in measurement comparisons coordinated by the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM) to ensure the reliability of measurement results worldwide.

  The International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML) develops International Recommendations, which aim to align and harmonise requirements worldwide in many fields. The OIML also operates the OIML Certification System (OIML-CS) which facilitates international acceptance and global trade of regulated measuring instruments.

  These international metrology systems provide the necessary assurance and confidence that measurements are accurate, providing a sound basis for global trade today and helping us to prepare for the challenges of tomorrow.

  World Metrology Day recognises and celebrates the contribution of all the people that work in intergovernmental and national metrology organisations and institutes throughout the year.

  Notes for Editors:

  World Metrology Day is an annual event during which more than 80 countries celebrate the impact of measurement on our daily lives.

  This date was chosen in recognition of the signing of the Metre Convention on 20 May 1875, the beginning of formal international collaboration in metrology. Each year World Metrology Day is organised and celebrated jointly by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) and the International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML) with the participation of the national organisations responsible for metrology.

  The international metrology community which works to ensure that accurate measurements can be made across the world endeavours to raise awareness each World Metrology Day through a poster campaign and web site. Previous themes have included topics such as measurements for the global energy challenge, for safety, for innovation, and measurements in sport, the environment, medicine and trade.

  About the BIPM

  The signing of the Metre Convention in 1875 created the BIPM and for the first time formalised international cooperation in metrology. The Convention established the International Bureau of Weights and Measures and laid the foundations for worldwide uniformity of measurement in all aspects of our endeavours, historically focusing on and assisting industry and trade, but today just as vital as we tackle the grand challenges of the 21st Century such as climate change, health, and energy. The BIPM undertakes scientific work at the highest level on a selected set of physical and chemical quantities. The BIPM is the hub of a worldwide network of national metrology institutes (NMIs) which continue to realise and disseminate the chain of traceability to the SI into national accredited laboratories and industry.

  About the OIML

  In 1955 the International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML) was established as an Intergovernmental Treaty Organisation in order to promote the global harmonisation of legal metrology procedures with the Bureau International de Métrologie Légale (BIML) as the Secretariat and Headquarters of the OIML. Since that time, the OIML has developed a worldwide technical structure whose primary aim is to harmonise the regulations and metrological controls applied by the national metrological services, or related organisations.